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Faust IV is the fourth studio album by the German krautrock group Faust, released in The album is included in the book Albums You Must Hear. Faust (FAUST volume 1 et 2) (French Edition) eBook: Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann: promoplant.be: Kindle-Shop. Faust 1. Der Tragödie erster Teil. | Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Lothar J. Scheithauer | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand. quotes from Faust, First Part: 'Whatever you can do or dream you can, begin promoplant.bess has genius, power and magic in it!'. Faust is a tragic play in two parts by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August – 22 March ). It is his most famous work and considered to be one of the.
The erudite Faust is highly successful yet dissatisfied with his life, which leads him to make a pact with the Devil at a crossroads, exchanging his soul for unlimited knowledge and worldly pleasures.
The Faust legend has been the basis for many literary, artistic, cinematic, and musical works that have reinterpreted it through the ages. The Faust of early books — as well as the ballads, dramas, movies, and puppet-plays which grew out of them — is irrevocably damned because he prefers human to divine knowledge: "he laid the Holy Scriptures behind the door and under the bench, refused to be called doctor of theology , but preferred to be styled doctor of medicine ".
The story was popularised in England by Christopher Marlowe , who gave it a classic treatment in his play, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus whose date of publication is debated, but likely around Faust is bored and depressed with his life as a scholar.
After an attempt to take his own life, he calls on the Devil for further knowledge and magic powers with which to indulge all the pleasure and knowledge of the world.
In response, the Devil's representative, Mephistopheles , appears. He makes a bargain with Faust: Mephistopheles will serve Faust with his magic powers for a set number of years, but at the end of the term, the Devil will claim Faust's soul, and Faust will be eternally enslaved.
During the term of the bargain, Faust makes use of Mephistopheles in various ways. In Goethe's drama, and many subsequent versions of the story, Mephistopheles helps Faust seduce a beautiful and innocent girl, usually named Gretchen, whose life is ultimately destroyed when she gives birth to Faust's bastard son.
Realizing this unholy act she drowns the child and is held for murder. However, Gretchen's innocence saves her in the end, and she enters Heaven after execution.
In Goethe's rendition, Faust is saved by God via his constant striving — in combination with Gretchen's pleadings with God in the form of the eternal feminine.
However, in the early tales, Faust is irrevocably corrupted and believes his sins cannot be forgiven; when the term ends, the Devil carries him off to Hell.
Hans Jonas writes, "surely few admirers of Marlowe's and Goethe's plays have an inkling that their hero is the descendant of a gnostic sectary and that the beautiful Helen called up by his art was once the fallen Thought of God through whose raising mankind was to be saved.
Here, a saintly figure makes a bargain with the keeper of the infernal world but is rescued from paying his debt to society through the mercy of the Blessed Virgin.
The origin of Faust's name and persona remains unclear. The character in Polish folklore named Pan Twardowski presents similarities with Faust.
The Polish story seems to have originated at roughly the same time as its German counterpart, yet it is unclear whether the two tales have a common origin or influenced each other.
The first known printed source of the legend of Faust is a small chapbook bearing the title Historia von D. Johann Fausten , published in The book was re-edited and borrowed from throughout the 16th century.
Other similar books of that period include:. Staufen , a town in the extreme southwest of Germany, claims to be where Faust died c.
The only historical source for this tradition is a passage in the Chronik der Grafen von Zimmern , which was written around , 25 years after Faust's presumed death.
These chronicles are generally considered reliable, and in the 16th century there were still family ties between the lords of Staufen and the counts of Zimmern in nearby Donaueschingen.
In Christopher Marlowe 's original telling of the tale, Wittenburg where Faust studied was also written as Wertenberge. This has led to a measure of speculation as to where precisely his story is set.
Some scholars have suggested the Duchy of Württemberg ; others have suggested an allusion to Marlowe's own Cambridge Gill, , p.
Christopher Marlowe used this work as the basis for his more ambitious play, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus published c.
Another important version of the legend is the play Faust , written by the German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The first part, which is the one more closely connected to the earlier legend, was published in , the second posthumously in Goethe's Faust complicates the simple Christian moral of the original legend.
A hybrid between a play and an extended poem, Goethe's two-part " closet drama " is epic in scope. It gathers together references from Christian, medieval, Roman , eastern, and Hellenic poetry, philosophy, and literature.
The composition and refinement of Goethe's own version of the legend occupied him, off and on, for over sixty years. The final version, published after his death, is recognized as a great work of German literature.
The story concerns the fate of Faust in his quest for the true essence of life " was die Welt im Innersten zusammenhält ". Frustrated with learning and the limits to his knowledge, power, and enjoyment of life, he attracts the attention of the Devil represented by Mephistopheles , who makes a bet with Faust that he will be able to satisfy him; a notion that Faust is incredibly reluctant towards, as he believes this happy zenith will never come.
This is a significant difference between Goethe's "Faust" and Marlowe's; Faust is not the one who suggests the wager. In the first part, Mephistopheles leads Faust through experiences that culminate in a lustful relationship with Gretchen, an innocent young woman.
Gretchen and her family are destroyed by Mephistopheles' deceptions and Faust's desires. Part one of the story ends in tragedy for Faust, as Gretchen is saved but Faust is left to grieve in shame.
The second part begins with the spirits of the earth forgiving Faust and the rest of mankind and progresses into allegorical poetry.
Faust and his Devil pass through and manipulate the world of politics and the world of the classical gods, and meet with Helen of Troy the personification of beauty.
Finally, having succeeded in taming the very forces of war and nature, Faust experiences a singular moment of happiness. Mephistopheles tries to seize Faust's soul when he dies after this moment of happiness, but is frustrated and enraged when angels intervene due to God's grace.
Though this grace is truly 'gratuitous' and does not condone Faust's frequent errors perpetrated with Mephistopheles, the angels state that this grace can only occur because of Faust's unending striving and due to the intercession of the forgiving Gretchen.
The final scene has Faust's soul carried to heaven in the presence of God by the intercession of the "Virgin, Mother, Queen, Goddess kind forever Eternal Womanhood.
The story of Faust is woven into Dr. Thomas Mann 's Doktor Faustus: Das Leben des deutschen Tonsetzers Adrian Leverkühn, erzählt von einem Freunde adapts the Faust legend to a 20th-century context, documenting the life of fictional composer Adrian Leverkühn as analog and embodiment of the early 20th-century history of Germany and of Europe.
The talented Leverkühn, after contracting venereal disease from a brothel visit, forms a pact with a Mephistophelean character to grant him 24 years of brilliance and success as a composer.
He produces works of increasing beauty to universal acclaim, even while physical illness begins to corrupt his body. In , when presenting his final masterwork The Lamentation of Dr Faust , he confesses the pact he had made: madness and syphilis now overcome him, and he suffers a slow and total collapse until his death in Leverkühn's spiritual, mental, and physical collapse and degradation are mapped on to the period in which Nazism rose in Germany, and Leverkühn's fate is shown as that of the soul of Germany.
Benet's version of the story centers on a New Hampshire farmer by the name of Jabez Stone who, plagued with unending bad luck, is approached by the devil under the name of Mr.
Scratch who offers him seven years of prosperity in exchange for his soul. Jabez Stone is eventually defended by Daniel Webster , a fictional version of the famous lawyer and orator, in front of a judge and jury of the damned, and his case is won.
Murnau , director of the classic Nosferatu , directed a silent version of Faust that premiered in Murnau's film featured special effects that were remarkable for the era.
Many of these shots are impressive today. Faust became one of the first acts to sign to Richard Branson 's Virgin Records , who embarked on a marketing campaign somewhat daring for its time, aimed at introducing Faust to British record-buyers.
The Faust Tapes was a cut-and-paste album, which spliced together a large number of bits and pieces from their extensive collection of private recordings not originally intended for release.
Virgin issued it at the then price of a single, 48 pence. The Faust Tapes reportedly sold over , copies but its low price tag rendered it ineligible for a chart placing.
The band broke up in after Virgin rejected its fifth album some of the recordings later appeared on the Munich and Elsewhere album , but reissues of their recordings and various additional material through Chris Cutler 's Recommended Records maintained a level of interest.
Faust experimented with the presentation of their early records. Their first album was originally released on clear vinyl, in a clear sleeve with an X-ray of a human fist silkscreened on the outer sleeve.
Their second album, So Far , made extensive use of the color black, though inside the sleeve were sheets with a different illustration for each song.
The Faust Tapes had a visually unsettling op art cover design by Bridget Riley , while that for Faust IV consisted of a series of blank music staves.
After Faust's breakup, the group's whereabouts were unknown; the Recommended Records catalogues talked about the group's "disappearance".
The official Web site lists three concerts during the s, and the "Patchwork" album, a compilation of outtakes, feature three snippets that were recorded in the s, but apart from that, the group's activities between and remain shrouded in mystery.
Irmler did not participate in the US tour, but took a more active role after that, producing the groups' records and releasing them on his Klangbad label.
He also compiled and edited the "Patchwork" remix album in Sosna's chronic alcoholism ended a brief reunion with Faust "after four or five exhausting days",  and he died on 10 November They have continued to perform in various combinations and with various additional musicians ever since, with Diermaier always behind the drum kit.
They performed for the first time together as "Collectif Met z " in November this quartet became the basis of a later Faust line-up and this concert was part of a release.
From mid to , Faust toured as Zappi W. Faust now exists in two completely different incarnations, both active and each reflecting different aspects of the original group.
Uwe Nettelbeck died on 17 January This incarnation of the group has been extremely active, releasing several CD-Rs and DVD-Rs and touring extensively, including a very successful autumn UK tour, released in as In Autumn by Dirter.
It was released to tie in with the Schiphorst Avant Garde festival in July C'est com From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Krautrock: German Music in the Seventies. University of Michigan. Retrieved 30 April The Trouser Press Guide to '90s Rock.
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